Open Access Papers

Just out | A fossil unicorn crestfish (Teleostei, Lampridiformes, Lophotidae) from the Eocene of Iran @ PeerJ

Just out @ PeerJ A fossil unicorn crestfish (Teleostei, Lampridiformes, Lophotidae) from the Eocene of Iran Author(s) Donald Davesne Abstract: Lophotidae, or crestfishes, is a family of rare deep-sea teleosts characterised by an enlarged horn-like crest on the forehead. They are poorly represented in the fossil record, by only three described taxa. One specimen attributed to Lophotidae has been described from the pelagic fauna of the middle-late Eocene Zagros Basin, Iran. Originally

Just out | The comparative osteology of Plesiochelys bigleri n. sp., a new coastal marine turtle from the Late Jurassic of Porrentruy (Switzerland) @ PeerJ

Just out @ PeerJ The comparative osteology of Plesiochelys bigleri n. sp., a new coastal marine turtle from the Late Jurassic of Porrentruy (Switzerland) Author(s) Christian Püntener, Jérémy Anquetin, Jean-Paul Billon-Bruyat Abstract: Background During the Late Jurassic, several groups of eucryptodiran turtles inhabited the shallow epicontinental seas of Western Europe. Plesiochelyidae are an important part of this first radiation of crown-group turtles into coastal marine ecosystems. Fossils of Plesiochelyidae occur in many European localities, and are especially abundant

Just out | Europatitan eastwoodi, a new sauropod from the lower Cretaceous of Iberia in the initial radiation of somphospondylans in Laurasia @ PeerJ

Just out @ PeerJ Europatitan eastwoodi, a new sauropod from the lower Cretaceous of Iberia in the initial radiation of somphospondylans in Laurasia Author(s) Fidel Torcida Fernández-Baldor, José Ignacio Canudo, Pedro Huerta, Miguel Moreno-Azanza, Diego Montero Abstract: The sauropod of El Oterillo II is a specimen that was excavated from the Castrillo de la Reina Formation (Burgos, Spain), late Barremian–early Aptian, in the 2000s but initially remained undescribed. A tooth and elements of the axial skeleton, and the scapular and

Just out | Revision of “Balaena” belgica reveals a new right whale species, the possible ancestry of the northern right whale, Eubalaena glacialis, and the ages of divergence for the living right whale species @ PeerJ

Just out @ PeerJ Revision of “Balaena” belgica reveals a new right whale species, the possible ancestry of the northern right whale, Eubalaena glacialis, and the ages of divergence for the living right whale species Author(s) Michelangelo Bisconti, Olivier Lambert, Mark Bosselaers Abstract: In 1941, Abel established Balaena belgica based on a series of fused cervical vertebrae and citing other cranial fragments from the late Neogene of the Antwerp harbor (northern Belgium). Later, Plisnier-Ladame & Quinet (1969) added a neurocranium and other skeletal

Just out | Further study of Late Devonian seed plant Cosmosperma polyloba: its reconstruction and evolutionary significance @ BMC Evolutionary Biology

Just out @ BMC Evolutionary Biology Further study of Late Devonian seed plant Cosmosperma polyloba: its reconstruction and evolutionary significance Author(s) Le Liu, Deming Wang, Meicen Meng and Jinzhuang Xue Abstract: Background The earliest seed plants in the Late Devonian (Famennian) are abundant and well known. However, most of them lack information regarding the frond system and reconstruction. Cosmosperma polyloba represents the first Devonian ovule in China and East Asia, and its cupules, isolated synangiate pollen organs and pinnules have been studied

Just out | Complex neuroanatomy in the rostrum of the Isle of Wight theropod Neovenator salerii @ Nature Ecology & Evolution

Just out @ Nature Ecology & Evolution Complex neuroanatomy in the rostrum of the Isle of Wight theropod Neovenator salerii Author(s) Chris Tijani Barker, Darren Naish, Elis Newham, Orestis L. Katsamenis & Gareth Dyke Abstract: The discovery of large, complex, internal canals within the rostra of fossil reptiles has been linked with an enhanced tactile function utilised in an aquatic context, so far in pliosaurids, the Cretaceous theropod Spinosaurus, and the related spinosaurid Baryonyx. Here, we report the presence

Just out | Ademosynidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): A new concept for a coleopteran key taxon and its phylogenetic affinities to the extant suborders @ Palaeontologia Electronica

Just out @ Palaeontologia Electronica Ademosynidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): A new concept for a coleopteran key taxon and its phylogenetic affinities to the extant suborders Author(s) Evgeny V. Yan, Rolf G. Beutel, and Alexander G. Ponomarenko Abstract: †Ademosynidae is a controversial extinct family of Coleoptera, first discovered in Australian Upper-Triassic deposits. The last known representative is known from the Early Jurassic of Kirghizstan. Type material from the collection of Moscow Paleontological Institute

Just out | Virtual palaeontology: the effects of mineral composition and texture of fossil shell and hosting rock on the quality of X-ray microtomography (XMT) outcomes using Palaeozoic brachiopods @ Palaeontologia Electronica

Just out @ Palaeontologia Electronica Virtual palaeontology: the effects of mineral composition and texture of fossil shell and hosting rock on the quality of X-ray microtomography (XMT) outcomes using Palaeozoic brachiopods Author(s) Sangmin Lee, G.R. Shi, Tae-Yoon S. Park, Jae-Ryong Oh, Horng-Sheng Mii, and Mirinae Lee Abstract: X-ray microtomography (XMT) has become a popular tool for detailed investigations of a diverse range of fossils. However, XMT has not always guaranteed a

Just out | Archaeoteleia Masner in the Cretaceous and a new species of Proteroscelio Brues (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea) @ Journal of Hymenoptera

Just out @ Journal of Hymenoptera Archaeoteleia Masner in the Cretaceous and a new species of Proteroscelio Brues (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea) Author(s) Elijah J. Talamas, Norman F. Johnson, Matthew L. Buffington, Dong Ren Abstract: The generic concepts of Archaeoteleia Masner and Proteroscelio Brues are expanded to accommodate two new species that are here described: Archaeoteleia astropulvis Talamas sp. n. and Proteroscelio nexus Talamas sp. n. A specimen of Archaeoteleia from Baltic amber is illustrated and discussed. Diagnoses of Proteroscelio, Proterosceliopsis Ortega-Blanco, McKellar & Engel and Bruescelio Ortega-Blanco, McKellar & Engel, a key to Cretaceous platygastroid genera with 14-merous antennae, and a key to the

Just out | A Laurentian record of the earliest fossil eukaryotes @ Geology

Just out @ Geology A Laurentian record of the earliest fossil eukaryotes Author(s) Zachary R. Adam, Mark L. Skidmore, David W. Mogk and Nicholas J. Butterfield Abstract: The oldest evidence of eukaryotes in the fossil record comes from a recurrent assemblage of morphologically differentiated late Paleoproterozoic to early Mesoproterozoic microfossils. Although widely distributed, the principal constituents of this Tappania–Dictyosphaera–Valeria assemblage have not hitherto been recognized on Laurentia. We have recovered all three taxa from