Just out | A fossil unicorn crestfish (Teleostei, Lampridiformes, Lophotidae) from the Eocene of Iran @ PeerJ

Just out @ PeerJ

A fossil unicorn crestfish (Teleostei, Lampridiformes, Lophotidae) from the Eocene of Iran


Donald Davesne


Lophotidae, or crestfishes, is a family of rare deep-sea teleosts characterised by an enlarged horn-like crest on the forehead. They are poorly represented in the fossil record, by only three described taxa. One specimen attributed to Lophotidae has been described from the pelagic fauna of the middle-late Eocene Zagros Basin, Iran. Originally considered as a specimen of the fossil lophotid †Protolophotus, it is proposed hereby as a new genus and species †Babelichthys olneyi, gen. et sp. nov., differs from the other fossil lophotids by its relatively long and strongly projecting crest, suggesting a close relationship with the modern unicorn crestfish, Eumecichthys. This new taxon increases the diversity of the deep-sea teleost fauna to which it belongs, improving our understanding of the taxonomic composition of the early Cenozoic mesopelagic ecosystems.

Keywords: Eocene, Iran, Teleostei, Acanthomorpha, Lampridiformes, Taeniosomi, Lophotidae, Taxonomy, Fossil record

DOI: 10.7717/peerj.3381

READ IT HERE: https://peerj.com/articles/3381/

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Lurdes Fonseca

Assistant Professor and Researcher at University of Lisbon
Sociologist (PhD), Paleontologist (Researcher in Micropaleontology), Majors in Sociology and Biology, Minor in Geology. Main interests in Paleontology: Microfossils, Molecular fossils, Paleobiology and Paleoecology. (read more about me)