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Graptolites from glacial erratics of the Laerheide area, northern Germany
Ordovician and Silurian glacial erratics of the Laerheide area (Lower Saxony, north-western Germany) bear well-preserved graptolites. The faunas provide important information on the origin and transport direction of the sediments preserved in a kame, representing the Drenthe stadial of the Saalian glaciation. The faunas even include species not commonly encountered in the successions of mainland Sweden, from where the erratics presumably originated. The most common graptolites are from Upper Ordovician (Sandbian to Katian) limestones and from Katian black shales. More common, however, are greenish limestones, sand- and siltstones, often combined in the term ‘Grünlich-Graues Graptolithengestein’, in which upper Wenlock to Ludlow (upper Silurian) graptolites are common.
Keywords: Glacial erratics, Moraines, Kame, Drenthe-Stadium, Germany, Palaeozoic Graptolites
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