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Hypoanthraconaia: a new genus of non-marine bivalve molluscs from the Early Permian of Far East Russia
Early Permian continental deposits include a large number of localities containing anthracosiid-like non-marine bivalves traditionally assigned to Anthraconaia Trueman and Weir, 1946, Palaeanodonta Amalitzky, 1895, and Palaeomutela Amalitzky, 1892. In most cases, these classifications are only tentative due to insufficient preservation in which the shells are missing their main characteristics: the ligament and the hinge. Non-marine bivalves from the Early Permian Upper Pospelovka Subformation of Russky Island (South Primorye, Far East Russia), described here as Hypoanthraconaia gen. nov., differ morphologically from the above genera by a set of external features including the initial shell, the mode of intersection of the growth lines with the dorsal margin, and the details of the sculpture. Hypoanthraconaia gen. nov. shows the most external similarity with “atypical” anthracosiid-like morphotypes of Anthraconaia that are widespread in the Late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian of eastern North America, and the Stephanian and Early Permian Lower Rotliegend of northwestern Europe. On this basis, the new genus is conventionally assigned to the family Naiaditidae Scarlato and Starobogatov, 1979.
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